District Councils 區議會

As of 2012, there are 507 district council members. Of which, 412 are elected in a direct election that employs the single-member district electoral formula. The term of office for district council members is four years. The sizes of the districts vary greatly. Although many districts span no more than a few apartment blocks, there also exist "supersize" districts. For example, the size of the Lantau District (District code: T01) is comparable to the entire Hong Kong Island. The exact method that the government uses to draw the district boundaries remains unclear. The general principle, according to the authorities, is that each district should have a population of about 17,000. The major duty of the District Councils is to provide community services such as public works, recreational activities, and cultural events.

Using the Maps
In this website, you can find spatial visualizations of the 2003, 2007, and 2011 District Council Elections' data. "Pro-establishment" parties are denoted by the color red, while "pan-democrats" are represented by the color green. Darker hues indicate greater vote shares obtained. I also integrate the electoral data of the main political parties with Google Maps for clearer visualization. For example, if you want to know more about the geographical distribution of districts controlled by "pro-establishment" parties in 2003, click "Pro-Establishment" under "2003" on the sidebar. You will then see an overlay of colored districts on a Google map. Districts captured by "pro-establishment" parties are marked by red boundaries. By clicking on a particular district, you can see an information window that contains detailed electoral data related to that district.

"Pan-democrats" and "pro-establishment" are no legal concepts. Classifying a party or an individual as one camp or another, therefore, involves judgment calls. My judgment is mainly based on parties' voting records and their members' involvement in social movements such as the July 1 March and the June 4 Candlelight Vigil. There are district council members who declare themselves as "independents." To determine if they are really independent in my classification, I check if they are affiliated with political organizations and social groups, and infer from the groups' political orientation the "independent" members' true position. For instance, if a district council member is affiliated with the Heung Yee Kuk, this member is unlikely a "pan-democrat" because the Heung Yee Kuk has never nominated "pan-democrat" candidates in the Chief Executive elections.

A caveat is in order. Although I have striven to make the classification as coherent as possible, I do not claim that my classification is flawless, complete, and final. Nor do I suggest that there is only one correct way to classify the political orientations of Hong Kong's politicians and political parties. Users who do not agree with my classification can still benefit from this website because I also provide party-based visualizations of electoral data.








Subpages (3): 2003 2007 2011